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#1 February-4-2011 1:36:am

Country Gal
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From: Florida
Registered: May-25-2010
Posts: 749
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How To Make Soap

The intention here is to provide the basic data on how to make soap from the most basic materials. There are many fancier soap recipes which make better soaps, as long as you have all the ingredients.

Basic Method

A small plastic dishpan, about 10" x 12"
A glass or enamel 2-quart saucepan
1 can of lye (sodium hydroxide), 12 ounces
3 pounds of lard
Plastic gloves [really; use eye-protection too]
Water

1. Pour 3 cups of very cold water (refrigerate water overnight first) into the 2-quart saucepan.

2. Slowly and carefully add the lye, a little bit at a time, stirring it with the a wooden or plastic utensil. (Use plastic gloves for this; test them for holes first.) Do not breathe the vapor or lean over the container or have children nearby. Above all _use no metal_. The mixture will get very hot. In olden days, a sassafras branch was used to stir, imparting a fragrance and insect deterrent for mosquitoes, lice, fleas and ticks.

3. Let cool at least one hour in a safe place. Meanwhile, the unwrapped lard should be warming up to room temperature in the plastic dishpan.

4. Slowly and carefully, pour the lye solution into the dishpan with the lard. The lard will melt. Mix thoroughly, at least 15 minutes, until it looks like thick pudding.

5. Let it set until the next morning, then cut it into bars. It will get harder after a few days. Then package.


HEY LOOK!!! :< UPCOMING FLORIDA Swaps/Sales/Shows/Events
Pure Single Comb & Rose Comb Rhode Island Reds, Rose Comb Rhode Island Whites & Leghorns
Member of the American Poultry Association, Rhode Island Red Club of America
Central Florida Poultry Breeders Association, NPIP Certified Participant

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February-4-2011 1:36:am

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#2 February-4-2011 1:47:am

Country Gal
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From: Florida
Registered: May-25-2010
Posts: 749
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Re: How To Make Soap

How to make soap at home. Let’s keep it simple for now because that is the best way to start. Once we master the procedure and can process it smoothly, we will be able to start adding other ingredients and make our own recipes depending on what we desire from a home-made soap.

This is a list of the basic soap ingredients required for the beginner.....

What you will need:

Canola Oil
Coconut Oil
Palm Oil
Lye (5% super-fatted) - PLEASE CHECK THE SAFETY INFORMATION BEFORE PROCEEDING
Water

Safety Matters

Point 1 below is an absolute requirement from the safety point of view, so please do not ignore the need for the proper safety gear.

General Instructions:

1. Put on safety goggles, gloves and wear long sleeves. Make sure you are working in a well ventilated area.

2. Carefully add the lye to the water. Stir well, being careful not to breathe in the fumes. Set the mixture to one side and allow it to cool to approximately 110 degrees F. Put the lye/water mixture outside if you are not in a well ventilated area.

3. Add the oils together and melt them down. Allow them to cool to approximately 110 degrees F or to within 5 degrees F of the lye/water.

4. Add the lye/water mixture to the melted oils very carefully and stir vigorously until “trace” occurs. Trace looks like a thin pudding. A stick blender will help speed trace formation. If you are stirring by hand, it can take up to an hour to trace.

5. Pour your traced soap mixture into your molds. Pop out after 3 - 5 days and allow to sit for a full 4 to 6 weeks to cure and finish the saponification process.

More things you need to know:

• Bubbles; coconut oil makes for big, fluffy bubbles. Soap made from coconut oil will provide lather even in sea water. Olive oil is good for the skin and provides silky bubbles.

• Each oil or fat needs a different amount of lye to produce soap

• False tracing can happen when the temperature of the mix falls below the melting point of the mix. This is due to the fat solidifying and not the soap, so it will be necessary to keep the temperature around 110-115 degrees F.

• A suitable blender can make the fat molecules and the lye mix well and reach the trace stage more quickly. However, upright blenders can whip air bubbles into the soap. Hand-held blenders will bring even vegetable oils to trace in a couple of minutes.

• Your soap should be around a value of pH7. So if it is higher than that, allow it to sit for another week. As lye sits properly, the pH will fall. There are so many soap recipes available and as you gain experience, you can even improvise and make your own. You can make soaps with different colors and different scents. You can make soaps with your favorite additives including herbs.......   Just do it!


HEY LOOK!!! :< UPCOMING FLORIDA Swaps/Sales/Shows/Events
Pure Single Comb & Rose Comb Rhode Island Reds, Rose Comb Rhode Island Whites & Leghorns
Member of the American Poultry Association, Rhode Island Red Club of America
Central Florida Poultry Breeders Association, NPIP Certified Participant

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#3 August-11-2011 7:18:pm

Country Gal
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From: Florida
Registered: May-25-2010
Posts: 749
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Re: How To Make Soap

What do people do with their left over pieces of soap that are really to small to use? Here is a suggestion on how to make soap from those left over pieces of soap

Basic Rebatching Instructions

Rebatching is another form of cold process soapmaking. You can make your cold process soap from scratch or use a rebatch soap base. Rebatching is often used to preserve the scent or the healing properties of some essential oils.

step one    
To start you'll need the following: Rebatch soap base, a bowl, a grater with a handle, a boil-proof bag. Optional items: molds, fragrance and colorants

step two    
Grate the soap into smaller shreds (yes, if you have a salad shooter or automatic cheese grater, you can use this as well). This will help the soap melt better.

step three    
Put the grated soap into a boil-proof bag. Prepare a pot of boiling water. Add the bagged (and sealed) soap to the boiling water, cover and wait for 20-30 minutes.

step four    
Once the soap is melted, it will take on a translucent, mashed potatoes consistency. At this point, add your herbs, fragrance and/or color. Be sure to wear oven mitts when handling the soap - it's hot! Mix the soap with the additives, in the bag. If any of the soap seems to harden up, or you see any non-melted strands, just put the sealed bag back in the boiling water for another 10 to 15 minutes.

step five    
Once the soap is fully melted, cut the edge off of one of the corners of the bag and use the bag as a piping tool. Squeeze the hot soap into the molds and wait 3 to 4 days for the soap to harden fully.


HEY LOOK!!! :< UPCOMING FLORIDA Swaps/Sales/Shows/Events
Pure Single Comb & Rose Comb Rhode Island Reds, Rose Comb Rhode Island Whites & Leghorns
Member of the American Poultry Association, Rhode Island Red Club of America
Central Florida Poultry Breeders Association, NPIP Certified Participant

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